What type of SSL Certificate do you need?


There are three different types of SSL Certificate:
Shared SSL - it is a free certificate configured to work with shared IP. It may show a pop-up warning message when used.
Dedicated SSL - it is a paid and private certificate. It will work with your domain only, and it will not show any pop-up warning message when used.
Wildcard SSL - it is a paid certificate that works with your domain and subdomains.
Most of the popular hosting providers offer a shared SSL certificate along with their hosting plans for free. Private (dedicated, wildcard) SSL certificate is usually a paid option. For more details, you should check your hosting company offer.

How to enable SSL/HTTPS on a Joomla site?


Step1: Install SSL Certificate on your server
Since installing a certificate may vary between hosting providers and server configuration, you should check your hosting documentation for more detailed instruction.
Step2: Enable Force HTTPS/SSL on your Joomla site
In your Joomla backend navigate to System -> Global Configuration.
On the Server tab you need to set “Entire Site” for the “Force HTTPS” option:

Remember to click on Save to save your settings.
Step3: Additional tweaks
Now, you have SSL enabled in your Joomla, but if visitors use HTTP protocol to visit your site, they will not be automatically redirected to HTTPS. You will need to add some tweaks to your Joomla files.
In the root directory of your Joomla, you will find the configuration.php file. Open this file using a text editor and replace the following line:
var $live_site ='';

With:
var $live_site = 'https://www.yourdomain.com';

In the same directory, you will find the .htaccess file. Using a text editor add these lines at the bottom of the file:
RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} OFF
RewriteRule (.*) https://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI}